Formal Name: Cuprum
Supplement Forms: Pills, food, liquid

Recommended Daily Allowance

  • Infants: (0 to 12 Months) 200 - 220 mcg/day
  • Children: (1 to 13 years) 340 - 440 mcg/day
  • Adolescents: (14 to 18 Years) 890 mcg/day
  • Adults: (19 and Older) 900 mcg/day
  • Lactating Women: 1,300 mcg/day
  • Pregnant Women: 1,000 mcg/day

Notes: mcg stands for micrograms.

Additional Information

Copper was first found to be an essential mineral in association with iron deficiency related anemia of rats in 1928. It is an element that is found in trace amounts in nearly every type of tissue and cell in the human body. It is a versatile mineral that is active in many processes such as being a catalyst in hemoglobin formation. Copper within the human body is made up of several enzymes and is often found in combination with several proteins in the blood. Furthermore, about 32% of dietary copper is absorbed. This occurs mainly in the duodenum in the intestine and is then stored in the liver, the body's primary copper storage site.

Bodily Functions Copper Assists

Copper contributes to a variety of body system activities, particularly in the bloodstream. It allows the conversion of iron into hemoglobin, is required to produce red blood cells and helps carry oxygen in the blood stream. Additionally, the pigmentation factor tyrosine is only functional when copper is present. Copper also contributes to brain and nervous system function via activity in balancing and secreting hormones and neurotransmitters.

Symptoms Of Deficiency:
  • Physical weakness
  • Upset stomach
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Diarrhea
  • Leads to osteoporosis
  • Develops into anemia in children
Foods High In Copper

Copper can be found in a variety of foods such as whole grain cereals, legumes, liver, kidney, cherries, beans, nuts, potatoes, fruits, leafy green vegetables, shellfish, poultry, and tofu.

Ailments That Copper Helps Against:
  • Helps prevent anemia
  • Aids in arthritis treatment
  • Assists in proper growth and development
  • Prevents thyroid gland dysfunction
  • Contributes against immunodeficiency
Side Effects And Toxicity

High intake of copper can result in headaches, nausea, low blood sugar level and increased heart rate. High doses can also lead to psychological symptoms related to autism such as depression, hyperactivity, sudden mood changes, learning disorder and dyslexia.