Formal Name: 4-Hydroxy Butyrate
Supplement Forms: Pills, food, liquid

Recommended Daily Allowance

  • Infants: (0 to 12 Months) 0.12 - 0.93 g/day
  • Children: (1 to 13 Years) 1.0 - 3.8 g/day
  • Adolescents: (14 to 18 Years) 1.5 - 3.8 g/day
  • Adults: (19 and older) 1.3 - 3.8 g/day
  • Lactating Women: 1.5 - 3.8 g/day
  • Pregnant Women: 1.5 - 3.8 g/day

Notes: g stands for grams.

Additional Information

Sodium, or more commonly referred to as salt, is one of the more integral minerals on Earth. Due to its essential role in maintaining basic bodily functions, it must be replenished through the daily dietary intake. The majority of sodium within the body is found in the extracellular fluid, with a minor portion involved within the cells and in the bones. The hormone aldosterone is responsible for controlling how much sodium is retained in the body. Excess sodium is excreted through urine, stool and skin.

Bodily Functions That Sodium Assists In

Sodium contributes to a proper fluid balance, and pH balance in combination with potassium and chloride. it's role in fluid balance, particularly in sodium-water balance, allows for healthy sweating and prevents dehydration and heat exhaustion. Due to it's influence in pH balance level, it alters the ability for nerves to transmit impulses and helps regulate the relaxation and contraction of muscles. Without sodium, the ability of the body to absorb glucose is severely impaired.

Symptoms Of Deficiency:

    Deficiency caused by excess sweating, over-use of diuretics and chronic diarrhea.

    • Nausea
    • Weak muscles
    • Mental fatigue
    • Heat exhaustion
Foods High In Sodium

Foods high in sodium include table salt, most meats, sardines, herring, salmon, cheese, anchovies, and peanut butter. Furthermore, vegetables that contain sauces and seasonings and breads with salt toppings all are additional sources of sodium.

Ailments That Sodium Helps Against:
    • Helps treat high blood pressure
    • Prevents sunstroke
    • Helps prevent muscle cramps
    • Aids in excess carbon dioxide removal
    • Prevents heart beat irregularity
Side Effects/Toxicity

Excess sodium intake results in increased water retention, high blood pressure, muscle cramps, abdominal cramps, headaches, nausea and vomiting. This can be alleviated by adjusting to a lower sodium diet that includes cereals, honey, fresh fruits, tomatoes, potatoes, onions and peas.