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Herniated Disks

Herniated Disks

Description Of The Injury: Between the vertebrae of the spinal column are spinal discs made out of a gelatinous substance surrounded by fibrous tissue. These discs help cushion each vertebrae when movement occurs. Whenever one of these disks ruptures or deviates from its original position, it is called a herniated disc which can cause considerable pain as it presses on nearby muscles and nerves.

Injury Symptoms: One of the most common symptoms of a herniated disc is numbness, tingling or weakness of the limbs. This can range from pain which extends to the legs, and tingling of back are that extends to the arms due to nearby nerves being pressured. Bladder problems is also a serious symptom.

Additional Information

Home Treatments:

Physical activity should be ceased as soon as pain from a herniated disk is identified. No more than a couple of day should be used for resting, as even short term light physical activity and massaging will help treat short-term herniated disk problems. Massaging with ice for the first couple of days and continuing with warm massages will help reduce the inflammation and main of the nearby muscles. Common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen will also be beneficial.

Professional Medical Treatments:

Professional treatment may range from nonsurgical options to surgical options. Cold and heat therapy may be administered as well as physical therapy involving precise lumbar stabilization exercises. Steroid injections may also be used to relieve acute pain and reduce inflammation of the herniated disk area. While surgery is not a common option for treating a herniated disk, it may be considered if pain persists after nonsurgical treatment have been attempted.

Physical Therapy and Exercises:

Exercises for herniated disk recovery and prevention are designed to improve the strength of the nearby muscles and promote healthy circulation of blood and nutrients to the spinal area. Exercises to improve a herniated disk problem should first be discussed with your doctor. Known exercises that help treat a herniated disk include curl-ups, lower back extension, lower back stretch, hamstring stretch and abdominal isometric exercises

Exercise Techniques to Prevent Injury:

One of the best ways to prevent the chance of a herniated disk from occurring is by maintaining good overall muscle strength. A daily exercise regiment also greatly aids in keeping the spinal area strong. Always use good posture, and lift by bending the knees instead of bending the back whenever possible. Preventing common back fatigue from improper sleeping posture and staying in a certain position for a prolonged amount of time will also go a long way in prevention