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Volleyball Injuries

volleyball injuries

Volleyball is a game where individuals must possess agility, strength, endurance, coordination, balance, and hand-eye coordination. Volleyball requires that individuals move laterally and vertically in a rapid succession of start and stop movements.

Volleyball is commonly played on two types of playing surfaced: a hard court and the sand. While the injuries associated with both types of playing surfaces are similar, there are a few differences.

Typical injuries associated with playing volleyball include soft tissue sprains, strains, spasms, cramps, and tears. In addition, injuries associated with virtually all joints occur as well.

The core and lower body is placed under a fairly high level of stress. Likewise, the upper body is also placed under a fairly high level of stress since playing volleyball requires that the ball be hit with not only force, but from awkward positions as well.

Below is a list of the most common injuries associated with playing the game of volleyball.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis typically occurs when a repetitive stress is placed on the tendon and gradually causes the tendon to become inflamed.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles Tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel. A rupture can occur when the tendon is placed under a high tension.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains occur through a twisting motion or a movement that causes the ankle to roll, causing minor tears in the ankle ligaments.

Arch Pain

Arch Pain is used to describe the symptoms associated with inflammation of the tissues under and within the middle of the foot.

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's Foot is a fungus growth that can occur on the feet and rapidly spread when the feet are exposed to a moist warm environment.

Backaches and Stress

Backaches may often occur from excess stress originating from the spine, muscles or nerves of the back region. Backaches due to stress may be a precursor to chronic lower back pain, and should therefore be taken seriously.

Back Sprains and Strains

Back Sprains and Strains are extremely common and can in range in severity from a dull pain to a highly acute sharp pain.


Blisters are typically caused by friction between the skin and a surface and produces a fluid filled sacs on the surface of the skin.

Bursitis of the Elbow

Bursitis of the Elbow typically occurs when the elbow experiences a high force impact or from long term overuse of the elbow joint.

Cartilage Injuries and Knee Disorders

Cartilage Injuries are related to damage and/or loss of cartilage that cause debilitating pain, stiffness and swelling of the knee area.


Chondromalacia is damage to the cartilage located under the kneecap and if left untreated can lead to severe degeneration.

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness is believed to be due to inflammation caused by muscle damage, however, it is not fully understood.

Finger Fractures

Finger Fractures typically occur from an acute traumatic impact to one of the finger bones, causing it to fracture.

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen Shoulder occurs when the the shoulder joint capsules becomes irritated and inflamed.

Glenohumeral Arthritis

Glenohumeral Arthritis may occur when the glenohumeral articular surfaces of the humeral head or the glenoid are damaged.

Hamstrings Pull or Tears

Hamstrings Pull or Tear injuries are related to continuous running where quick accelerations, decelerations and sudden turns are made.

Herniated Disks

Herniated Disks occur when the spinal vertebrae have been compressed and force the disk between the vertebrae outward.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial Band Syndrome is related to the iliotibial band becoming irritated and inflamed and causing pain throughout the entire knee area.

Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain is quite common and can be reduced by maintaining a healthy weight and strong back, oblique, and abdominal muscles.

Meniscus Injuries of the Knee

Meniscus Injuries of the Knee are evident by inflammation and pain assocaited with the outside and/or inside of the knee area.

Muscle Cramps

Muscle Cramps typically occur within the muscles of the lower portion of the body and are involuntary muscle contractions and spasms.

Muscle Sprains and Strains

Muscle Sprains and Strains are injuries associated with the ligament that connects bone to bone (Sprain) or connects muscle to bone (Strain).

Muscle Strains of the Back

Muscle Strains of the Back occur when the muscle fibers of the back are overly stretched and/or torn causing acute pain and soreness.

Neck Strain

Neck Sprain injuries are related to overstretching or tearing the neck muscles or the ligaments that connect to the cervical vertebrae.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the Knee is the degeneration of the cartilage within the knee joint that is located between the femur and tibia bones.

Overtraining Syndrome

Overtraining Syndrome occurs in individuals that do not allow their body the necessary time to recover from an aggressive exercise routine.

Patellar Tendonitis & Ruptured Tendons

Patellar Tendonitis and Ruptured Tendons (aka Jumper's Knee) involve the tendon that connects the patella to the tibia bone.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is related to the way the patella tracks and moves along the groove of the femur bone.

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis Syndrome is defined as the piriformis muscle pressing on the sciatic nerve and is located inside the the pelvis.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick fibrous band of tissue located on the bottom surface of the foot.

Pulled or Strained Calf Muscle

Pulled or Strained Calf Muscle occurs when part of the soleus or gastrocnemius muscles of the lower leg are torn from the Achilles tendon.

Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis tyically occurs when the rotator cuff muscles and tendons undergo repetitive chronic stress.

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder Dislocation injuries occur when the ball of the humerus is dislocated from the socket of the scapula through blunt force trauma.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome occurs when the muscles, tendons and the bursa of the shoulder become inflamed and swollen.

Shoulder Separation

Shoulder Separation injuries involve the stretching or tearing of ligaments at the AC joint, where the clavicle bone connects to the scapula.

Stress Fracture of the Foot

Stress Fractures can occur when an overload of stress is placed on the foot, resulting in small fractures of the toe or metatarsal bones.

Tendonitis of the Wrist

Tendonitis of the Wrist is a result of repetitive overuse causing irritation of the sheath tunnel surrounding the tendons of the thumb.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow occurs when a repetitive stress is placed on the elbow and forearm, causing the tendon to tear.

Torn Rotator Cuff

Torn Rotator Cuff injuries produce considerable pain in the shoulder joint area when attempting to lift, lower, or rotate the arm.

Wrist Sprains

Wrist Strains are the result of an impact that causes the ligaments that connect bone to bone to overstretch and develop minor tears.