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Nasal Injuries

Nasal Injuries

Description Of The Injury: Most nasal injuries occur from an acute trauma caused by a blunt impact against an object or in a contact sport. A nasal injury may range from a common nose bleed to a broken nose to rhinitis - inflammation of the nasal lining, to nasal vestibular stenosis - narrowing of the nasal passages.

Injury Symptoms: Nasal injuries are characterized by bleeding which may be profuse, local swelling, bruising, and visible deformity. Additional complications such as nasal obstruction that results in difficulty breathing and bruising around the eyes may also occur.

Additional Information

Home Treatments:

Nosebleeds and some broken noses can be treated at home. Once the injury has occured, breathing should be performed through the mouth and the head should be lilted forward to prevent blood from running down the throat. Applying pressure by pinching the nose will help contain the blood. Ice should be administered often, 20 minutes at a time in order to limit swelling and inflammation

Professional Medical Treatments:

More severe broken noses, or nasal injuries related to difficulty breathing should seek immediate medical treatment. The implementation of an airway tube or CPR may be needed to maintain survival for traumatic nasal injuries that cause difficulty breathing. Surgery may be needed to realign the nose, or to place small wires or screws to completely repair the nose.

Physical Therapy and Exercises:

No known beneficial physical therapy for the recovery of nasal injuries. The nose should be rested and should not be placed in any position where it will be compressed or pressured. Breathing exercises may be advised to recover full nasal capacity.

Exercise Techniques to Prevent Injury:

Nasal injuries usually happen from acute traumatic impacts, and therefore there are no known exercise techniques that prevent them from occurring. Protective headgear while playing a contact sport will reduce the risk of acute nasal injuries. Exposure to cold and dry climates should be limited to prevent nasal injuries that involve the mucous membrane such as nosebleeds.